El Dorado County DUI with Injury Overview 

If you have been arrested for a DUI with injury, you have a serious case that shouldn’t be taken lightly.  If you can afford an attorney, you should hire one.  A DUI with injury can be charged as either a felony or a misdemeanor. 

DUI with Injuries vc23153 –  Can be Misdemeanor or Felony

A DUI causing injuries is a “wobbler” offense.  This means the prosecutor can charge it as a felony or a misdemeanor.  The deciding factors are the severity of the injures and the defendant’s prior criminal record.  Minor soft tissue injures are usually filed as misdemeanors while more serious injuries are usually filed as felonies.  A bad criminal history or prior DUI convictions will motivate a prosecutor to charge the case as a felony.      

Misdemeanor DUI Upgraded to Felony DUI

Because a misdemeanor DUI gets upgraded to a felony due to the injuries, a person will sometimes get arrested on a misdemeanor DUI with injury and then have the misdemeanor get enhanced to a felony at the first court date.  This can be a shock to a person who was arrested on a misdemeanor and released from jail on a low bail only to come to court to find out how serious the case is.  If you have a DUI injury case, contact an attorney immediately.          

DUI with Injuries VC23153 – Misdemeanor

If you are convicted of a misdemeanor DUI causing injury, you will face a minimum of 90 days up to one year in county jail, between $390 and $1000 in fines, a 3, 6, or 9-month DUI class, restitution to any victims, mandatory IID up to 3 years, and placed on 3 to 5 years of informal probation.  Your license will be suspended for 1 year or more with no restriction eligibility. 

Felony DUI with Injuries – VC23153

If you injure someone in a DUI related case, you could be charged with a felony. To be convicted of a DUI with injury as a felony the prosecutor must prove:

  • You drove a vehicle;
  • You were under the influence of an alcoholic beverage, drug, or a combination of both;
  • You committed an illegal act or neglected to perform a legal duty while driving; AND
  • Your illegal act or failure to perform a legal duty while driving caused serious bodily injury to another person.

Injuries Defined

Any injury caused by a DUI driver is enough to be charged as a 23153.  Injuries include broken bones, bruises, soft tissue injuries (back or neck strains), cuts, abrasions, and even seat belt bruises.

El Dorado County First Court Date

After you are released from jail, you are given a court date for your arraignment.  Arraignment is where the government tells you the charges and potential punishment you face. In felony cases, you must appear in person to your arraignment or a warrant will be issued.  Don’t confuse your court date with your DMV Hearing date.           

El Dorado COunty Bail Motion at FIrst Court Date

In El Dorado County, the prosecutor will request an increase in bail at your first court hearing if you are charged with a felony DUI.  So even if you bailed out at $50,000 you could still have your bail increased to $100,000 or more.  If you are not prepared for the bail motion, you will be taken into custody and stay in jail until you post the bond, or your case is concluded.       

El Dorado County Bail Terms

If you are released on bail on a DUI with injury case, the court is going to order “Bail” terms while your case is pending.   This could include a “no alcohol” term which includes no bars, no use and possession of alcohol, and search and seizure for alcohol including on your person, vehicle, or home.  You may also be prohibited from driving, required to attend self-help meetings, or ordered to wear a SCRAM device on your ankle that monitors you for alcohol use.

Felony DUI with Probation Granted

In a felony DUI with injury case, you may be eligible for felony probation instead of prison.  The maximum punishment with probation is up to 1 year in jail.   To determine if you are eligible the court will look to California Rule of Court section 4.414 which lists the probation eligibility factors:

  • Seriousness and circumstances of the crime compared with similar crimes
  • If defendant was armed
  • Vulnerability of the victim
  • Degree of monetary loss to the victim
  • If crime was carried out in a criminally sophisticated manner
  • Defendant’s prior record, as an adult or juvenile
  • Defendant’s willingness to comply with terms of probation
  • Likely effect of imprisonment on the defendant and his her dependents

Felony DUI Probation    

If you are granted felony probation, it will be for a period of 5 years.  The standard felony DUI probation terms include: no driving with any alcohol in your system, no refusal of chemical tests, submit to search and seizure for blood/breath, enrolling and completing the DUI class, paying fines/fees, paying restitution, obeying all laws, don’t drive unless properly licensed and insured, completing your jail sentence, and showing up for all court ordered appearances.  It will also include regular alcohol testing, probation searches, regular contact with your probation officer, and installing an ignition interlock device.    

DUI with Injuries VC23153 Punishment Chart

Jail

Fines

DUI Class

IID

Restitution

License Suspension

Probation

Felony with Probation no priors

90d to

1 Year

$390 to $1000

3,6,9 Month

Up to 3 Yrs

Yes, to  victims

1 Year

No Restriction

3 to 5 Years

Formal

Felony with Probation 1 prior

120d to 1 Year

$390 to $5000

18 Month

Up to 3 Yrs

Yes, to  victims

3 Year Revocation

3 to 5 Years

Formal

Felony No Probation no priors

16 months, 2 or 3 years  prison

$390 to $1000

3,6,9 Month

Up to 3 Yrs

Yes, to  victims

1 Year

No Restriction

Parole or Supervised Release

Felony No Probation 1 prior

16 months, 2 or 3 years  prison

$390 and $5000

18 Month

Up to 3 Yrs

Yes, to  victims

3 Year Revocation

Parole or Supervised Release

Felony No Probation 2 or more priors

2, 3, or 4 years prison

$1015 and $5000

18 Month

Up to 5 Yrs

Yes, to  victims

5 Year Revocation

Parole or Supervised Release

Enhancements

Multiple Victims – add 1 year for each victim with max of 3 years

Great Bodily Injury – add 3 to 6 years depending of severity of injury

DUI with Injuries VC23153 – GBI Enhancement strike Offense

Where a Felony DUI with injury is charged and the injury is severe the defendant will likely be charged with enhancement under PC 12022.7. Penal Code 12022.7 allows for a 3 to 6 year enhanced prison sentence where the alleged victim of a felony DUI suffered “great bodily injury.”  Great Bodily Injury is defined as “significant or substantial physical injury.  It is an injury that is greater than minor or moderate harm.”  If a victim suffers great bodily injury, you will be charged with a strike offense which has significant consequences in any subsequent criminal case you might get.  This is a strike under California’s three strikes law. 

DUI with Injuries VC23153 – Multiple Victims Enhanced Penalty

There is an enhanced penalty for multiple victims.  Vehicle code section 23558 states that “ Any person who proximately causes bodily injury or death to more than one victim in any one instance of driving in violation of Section 23153…shall, upon a felony conviction…receive an enhancement of one year in the state prison for each additional injured victim….The maximum number of one year enhancements which may be imposed pursuant to this section is three.”

Habitual Traffic Offender Designation

On felony DUI cases the judge will designate the driver a habitual traffic offender.  Once this designation is in place, all subsequent driving offenses are subject to significant penalties, including lengthy jail sentences.  If the defendant has been designated a habitual traffic offender, a first time driving violation would result in a mandatory sentence of 30 days in jail in addition to a $1,000 fine. This jail time would be consecutive to any other sentence imposed for the driving conduct. For a second or subsequent violation of the habitual traffic offender law, the defendant would be sentenced to a mandatory 180 days in jail and a $2,000 fine. Again, the 180 days would be consecutive to any other sentence imposed.

No Alcohol Terms

In DUI with injury cases, the court will order a “no alcohol” term as part of probation.  This means you will be on search and seizure for alcohol including on your person, vehicle, or home.  You will also be prohibited from using or possessing alcohol and will not be permitted to be anywhere where alcohol is the primary item of sale like bars.  You may also be randomly tested for alcohol by the probation department.

Felony DUI School

If you are convicted of a Felony DUI with injury with no priors you will be required to take the 3, 6, or 9 month DUI class.  If you are convicted of a DUI with prior’s you will be ordered to complete the 18 month DUI program which costs approximately $1800.  All programs have payment plans.  To sign up for the DUI class you will need your court paperwork or an H6 DMV printout.             

Ignition Interlock Requirement

If you are convicted of a DUI with injury, you will be required to install an ignition interlock in your vehicle for a period of 3 to 5 years.  This device will not let you start or continue to operate your vehicle if you have alcohol in your system.  The cost of the IID varies between IID providers but it is approximately $70 to install and $60 a month. 

El Dorado County Alternative Sentencing

In most DUI with injury cases, the court will require you to do either all or a portion of your sentence in actual jail.  In some cases, this means no alternative sentencing or maybe a combination of jail and alternative sentencing. 

El Dorado County DUI FInes and Fees

You can expect to pay approximately $2000 or more if you are convicted of a DUI with Injury.  El Dorado County will allow you to make payments.  If you fail to make payments, you will be referred to collections, your license will be suspended, and you will violate your probation.          

Violating DUI Probation

You will violate probation if you fail to comply with the court ordered probation terms including staying in contact with your probation officer, failing to enroll/complete DUI classes, appear in court when ordered, or completing your jail sentence.  If felony probation is violated, the judge will issue a no bail warrant and you will be arrested and brought back to court. 

El Dorado County DUI Expungement

Even if you are convicted of a DUI with injury, you can still get your case expunged.  A felony DUI with injury is a wobbler that can be reduced to a misdemeanor and then expunged.  An expungement allows you to lawfully answer that you have never been convicted of a crime.  To be eligible, you must have successfully completed probation, paid all your fines, and completed the terms of your probation.  DUI expungements are not mandatory but are discretionary.  When you hire our law firm we will help you with your expungement when you become eligible so that your criminal record is as clean as possible moving forward in life. 

You don’t have to plead guilty, contact our office today for a free same day consultation

Because you have so much to lose, you need the most experienced and aggressive DUI Defense attorneys on your side.  Whether it’s defending you in trial or negotiating for dismissal, you can count on us.  Our experienced and aggressive negotiating efforts usually result in better outcomes for our clients including reduced charges, lesser jail days, and smaller fines.  Call our office today at (916) 939-3900 or (530) 621-1800 to speak directly to an attorney about your El Dorado County DUI injury case.  We are open 24/7/365 to answer your questions.       

Felony DUI with Injuries – VC23153

23153.  

(a) It is unlawful for a person, while under the influence of any alcoholic beverage, to drive a vehicle and concurrently do any act forbidden by law, or neglect any duty imposed by law in driving the vehicle, which act or neglect proximately causes bodily injury to any person other than the driver.

(b) It is unlawful for a person, while having 0.08 percent or more, by weight, of alcohol in his or her blood to drive a vehicle and concurrently do any act forbidden by law, or neglect any duty imposed by law in driving the vehicle, which act or neglect proximately causes bodily injury to any person other than the driver.

In any prosecution under this subdivision, it is a rebuttable presumption that the person had 0.08 percent or more, by weight, of alcohol in his or her blood at the time of driving the vehicle if the person had 0.08 percent or more, by weight, of alcohol in his or her blood at the time of the performance of a chemical test within three hours after driving.

(c) In proving the person neglected any duty imposed by law in driving the vehicle, it is not necessary to prove that any specific section of this code was violated.

(d) It is unlawful for a person, while having 0.04 percent or more, by weight, of alcohol in his or her blood to drive a commercial motor vehicle, as defined in Section 15210 and concurrently to do any act forbidden by law or neglect any duty imposed by law in driving the vehicle, which act or neglect proximately causes bodily injury to any person other than the driver. In a prosecution under this subdivision, it is a rebuttable presumption that the person had 0.04 percent or more, by weight, of alcohol in his or her blood at the time of driving the vehicle if the person had 0.04 percent or more, by weight, of alcohol in his or her blood at the time of performance of a chemical test within three hours after driving.

(e) Commencing July 1, 2018, it shall be unlawful for a person, while having 0.04 percent or more, by weight, of alcohol in his or her blood to drive a motor vehicle when a passenger for hire is a passenger in the vehicle at the time of the offense, and concurrently to do any act forbidden by law or neglect any duty imposed by law in driving the vehicle, which act or neglect proximately causes bodily injury to any person other than the driver. For purposes of this subdivision, “passenger for hire” means a passenger for whom consideration is contributed or expected as a condition of carriage in the vehicle, whether directly or indirectly flowing to the owner, operator, agent, or any other person having an interest in the vehicle. In a prosecution under this subdivision, it is a rebuttable presumption that the person had 0.04 percent or more, by weight, of alcohol in his or her blood at the time of driving the vehicle if the person had 0.04 percent or more, by weight, of alcohol in his or her blood at the time of performance of a chemical test within three hours after driving.

(f) It is unlawful for a person, while under the influence of any drug, to drive a vehicle and concurrently do any act forbidden by law, or neglect any duty imposed by law in driving the vehicle, which act or neglect proximately causes bodily injury to any person other than the driver.

(g) It is unlawful for a person, while under the combined influence of any alcoholic beverage and drug, to drive a vehicle and concurrently do any act forbidden by law, or neglect any duty imposed by law in driving the vehicle, which act or neglect proximately causes bodily injury to any person other than the driver.

VC23554 – Penalties for first violation of VC23153 

If any person is convicted of a first violation of Section 23153, that person shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison, or in a county jail for not less than 90 days nor more than one year, and by a fine of not less than three hundred ninety dollars ($390) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000). The person’s privilege to operate a motor vehicle shall be suspended by the Department of Motor Vehicles pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 13352. The court shall require the person to surrender the driver’s license to the court in accordance with Section 13550.

Felony DUI Law – VC23550.5

(a) A person is guilty of a public offense, punishable by imprisonment in the state prison or confinement in a county jail for not more than one year and by a fine of not less than three hundred ninety dollars ($390) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000) if that person is convicted of a violation of Section 23152 or 23153, and the offense occurred within 10 years of any of the following:

(1) A prior violation of Section 23152 that was punished as a felony under Section 23550 or this section, or both, or under former Section 23175 or former Section 23175.5, or both.

(2) A prior violation of Section 23153 that was punished as a felony.

(3) A prior violation of paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 192 of the Penal Code that was punished as a felony.

(b) Each person who, having previously been convicted of a violation of subdivision (a) of Section 191.5 of the Penal Code, a felony violation of subdivision (b) of Section 191.5, or a violation of subdivision (a) of Section 192.5 of the Penal Code, is subsequently convicted of a violation of Section 23152 or 23153 is guilty of a public offense punishable by imprisonment in the state prison or confinement in a county jail for not more than one year and by a fine of not less than three hundred ninety dollars ($390) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000).

(c) The privilege to operate a motor vehicle of a person convicted of a violation that is punishable under subdivision (a) or (b) shall be revoked by the department under paragraph (7) of subdivision (a) of Section 13352, unless paragraph (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 13352 is also applicable, in which case the privilege shall be revoked under that provision.  The court shall require the person to surrender the driver’s license to the court in accordance with Section 13550.

(d) A person convicted of a violation of Section 23152 or 23153 that is punishable under this section shall be designated as a habitual traffic offender for a period of three years, subsequent to the conviction.  The person shall be advised of this designation under subdivision (b) of Section 13350.